Sierra Leone is bordered within the north-west, north west and north-east simply by the Republic Guinea, on the south-east by the Republic of Liberia and even on south-west by the Atlantic Marine. It has a great area of twenty-seven, 925 square mls. The colony regarding Sierra Leone originated from the sale plus cession in 1787 by native chiefs to English settlers of the piece involving land intended as a home for Africa settlers who were waifs working in london in addition to later it seemed to be used as a settlement for freed African slaves. Typically the hinterland was reported a British Protectorate on 21st August, 1896. Sierra Leone attained independence in 27th April, 61 and became a Republic in 1971. Education is offered by both exclusive and state-sponsored schools. The current program of education will be 6-3-4-4 (that will be six years Main school, 36 months Youngster Secondary School, four years Senior Second School and 4 years tertiary/higher education. This specific system is complemented by non- official education.
CONCEPT REGARDING SCHOOLING
Education is frequently utilized in typically the sense of training in the classroom, laboratory, workshop or perhaps domestic science space and consists principally in the imparting by simply the teacher, and the acquisition by pupils, of data and mental because well as handbook skills. A larger meaning than instruction is that regarding schooling. That is to say almost all that goes on in the school while part of typically the pupil’s life presently there. It includes, among other things, relationship involving pupils and instructors, pupils and students both in and even outside the school. J. S. Mill (1931) opined that whichever helps to condition the human being; to make the particular individual what he or she is or prevent him from staying what he is certainly not is section of their education. Implicitly training is lifelong plus ubiquitous; it does not take sum total of almost all influences which go to produce a particular person what they are, coming from birth to loss of life. It includes the property, our neighbors, as well as the street among others.
Education is in order to some extent a new deliberate planned procedure devised and carried out by the instructor with the purpose associated with imbuing the spanish student with certain information, skills, of thoughts and body since well as ways of behavior deemed desirable. In part is it doesn’t learner’s individual response to the surroundings in which they lives. Education offers three focal points: the individual/person on whom the educator’s influences are brought to bear; the particular society or local community to which they belongs; and typically the whole context involving reality within which in turn the individual and society play their part. Man is definitely a social monster; he grows like a person through the impact of persona on personality; in addition to even for the basic physical wants he depend upon which assist and cooperation regarding his fellow guys and women. Without having society and the mutual support and enrichment of encounters which it gives you world is impossible plus the life involving man, in Hobbes’ words, is “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short. inch
One of typically the fundamental facts associated with human existence is the tension between pull of typically the past and the particular forward urge directly into the future, involving stability and switch, tradition and advancement. For effective residing, man has to have a group of friends of security, the area of set up habits and relationship which forms trustworthy relationships. This is also true involving society. For its effective functioning generally there must be an underlying continuity of practices and outlook which often preserves its personality as a modern society and safeguards it from the disruptive results of change. Modification must be for lifetime and not stationary but this change in turn need to be controlled by the basic customs of society. That is tradition which gives a nation the character and distinctiveness as a society. The conservation involving tradition therefore is definitely obviously crucial.
That has been identified from time immemorial that the resource efficiency of traditional education and learning has a crucial part to perform in the advancement the child. Typically the children more recently are the adults of the next day; they must be trained therefore, to receive and perpetuate the particular beliefs and ways of life unusual to the specific society to which they belong. For every society gets the desire to protect itself not only physically but since community consciously sharing certain aims, ideals and even patterns of behaviour. This type of education is not necessarily necessarily formal throughout schools through classroom instruction but of which effected indirectly through the family plus from the impact on the subject of the individual of social influences and even customs which the particular child cannot avert. In Sierra Leone this social education included elaborate services of initiation including feats of stamina in which young guys and women should prove themselves worth the community. The particular ultimate goal has been to produce an individual who was honest, respectful, skilled, cooperative, and who could comply with typically the social order regarding the day. Since Aristotle once explained “the constitution regarding a state will certainly suffer if education and learning is neglected. Typically the citizens of a state should often be educated to accommodate the constitution of the state. The sort of character best suited to a constitution is the power which continues to sustain this this is also the state force which originally created it” (p. I).
CONVENTIONAL EDUCATION IN SOCIETY
Traditional education has both an innovative in addition to conservation function throughout society; it is just a highly effective means of conserving a society’s practices, if not tradition. In past times the character and needs regarding society played part in determining the nature of education. Professor Meters. V. C. Jeffreys (1950) once had written in his publication, Glaucon, that “in a tranquil society the academic system will often reflect the social pattern, although social uneasiness and instability create prospect for using training as an device of social change”(p. 7). A similar view was shared by John Dewey (1897) who opined that through training society can formulate its own purposes, will organize its individual means and sources and thus save itself with definiteness and economy within the direction in which in turn it wishes to be able to move. Education appearances both towards the past and the long term; inevitably it displays the traditions plus character of culture. Traditional education may be used to prepare for changes in society in addition to anticipate and stop changes or the associated with changes in modern society.
Traditional education sustains and hands upon the customs in addition to ways of lifestyle which constitute the smoothness of a community and maintains their unity. It furthermore helps society in order to interpret its capabilities in innovative ways in order to meet the troubles of change, seeking ways or outlines of development which are consistent with typically the traditions and persuits and will at the same time raise society to a more complete satisfaction of itself.
CONVENTIONAL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS WITHIN SIERRA LEONE
Historical past reveals that now there were no formal schools where youngsters were educated inside Pre-colonial Sierra Leone. The Poro plus Bondo/Sande Secret Communities were thought about seeing that institutions to teach youngsters. They were bush schools. And the particular education these rose bush schools provided had been informal. Children that went through these top secret societies were regarded as capable of carrying out and about their civic obligations. They became older people and can marry and start life. They considered on their own together family. Inside جامعة المستقبل developed sense of comradeship and unity among members irrespective associated with family, clan or ethnic affiliation. It was therefore regarded as that children who had not experienced these secret communities were not fully matured.
The Poro Secret Society is usually for boys. Typically the spiritual head associated with the Poro Culture is Pa Gbonu, seen only by the older graduates or even members. The physical heads are the Pa Sama Yorgbors and Pa Somanos. They direct the particular activities with the organization. The senior instructors are the Pennsylvania Kashis, who generally teach and offer instructions to other initiators. The Pennsylvania Manchiyas serve as educators to the initiates while the Kachemas are the scaring spirits. They scare the women and kids alike with the brand new initiates. The Rakas are the errand boys carrying text messages around. The Yambas are the head boys. The Bomos will be the senior prefects while the Sayboms are the prefects; and even the monitors would be the Gbanaboms. Informal classes are held in typically the Secret Poro Bush. The subjects trained include Creative Practical Arts, Performing Arts, Practical Agriculture, Treatments i. e. use of local herbs for your treatment of distinct ailments), warfare plus other skills. Found in Creative Practical Disciplines initiates are trained how to help to make fishing nets, baskets, mats, and etching wood and soap stones into various objects such since animals and individuals; in Performing Artistry initiates are educated singing, dancing plus the use of Poro musical musical instruments. In Practical Culture initiates practice farming. Boys are trained to deal with hardship without having complaint and expand comfortable with it. Hence they are taken to be able to the farms associated with their teachers plus elders to job on pro pase basis. However throughout the harvest time initiates could pass through these farms using whatever they want and eat without being questioned simply by farm owners. Initiates are taught in order to respect elders and use of pistols to kill animals. In an identical vein initiates are taught how to use guns within fighting in protection of their communities. Other skills starts are taught include making fish blocks, fishing and shopping net, and basketry. Inside the use regarding herbs initiates pay money (some widely given) for recovery various sicknesses as well as for protection against adversaries, evil spirits and even snake bites. Initiates who want to cause hurt to others applying herbs could ‘redeem’ the herb/medicine concerned. Over all starts are taught some sort of new Language voiced only by members called Ke Sornor. For example fonka trika meaning We are talking to you; fonka bonomi meaning Discuss. The work with of this completely new Language makes participants very proud plus feel different from non-initiates. Graduates take place out with fresh names such because Lamp, Langba in addition to Kolerr. A graduation ceremony climaxes the event.